Why You Should Include Estate Planning in the Preparation
You may have been running around for weeks, getting your new college student off to school. It's exhilarating, and your heart likely is bursting at the seams. You're probably prouder than you can say, but you're a little afraid, too. How can you make sure your kid is going to be safe at school, so far away from home? A new Bed Bath and Beyond matching sheet set for the dorm sounds great, but it just doesn't seem like quite enough, does it? So what else can you do?
Actually, there is something, probably not yet on your to-do list, that absolutely can make all the difference. Bring your child to a local estate planning attorney.
You've probably focused on the fact that, having graduated from high school, your kid's an adult now—meaning that your child's going to spread her wings. But what is essential to remember: At 18, a college student may still want her mom and dad her side if she gets sick, but legally, decisions for medical care are hers alone. If she were say, unconscious from a serious car accident, a parent couldn't authorize medical care without first going to court. And it would be up to a judge, if her parent would be considered an appropriate guardian.
Therefore, experts recommend that everyone over the age of 18 have a basic estate plan that includes a will (and possibly a trust), a power of attorney, and medical directives that would allow someone they trust to take act on their behalf, if they aren't able to.
Here are some things to take care of before you send your kid away to college:
- A FERPA Release: The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act is designed to protect college student's privacy, but it can leave parents locked out in an emergency. A properly worded release allows school officials to talk with you and release your child's records to you.
- A HIPAA Authorization: The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act was designed protect a patient's privacy. Consider having your child signing an authorization so that—just in case—any necessary doctors can talk to you about your child's condition, care, and treatment.
- A Durable Financial Power of Attorney: This is a legal document that allows you to take care of your child's checking or savings accounts, pay bills, etc., if the child's unable to—whether due to illness or even just location (for example, if the school is on the other side of the country).
- A Durable Power of Attorney for Healthcare: Like the financial version, this allows you to handle medical decisions for your child, if your child is unable to do so.
- A Will: At first glance, this may seem a little silly for the average broke college kid. But there could be a lot of hidden complexities: The average American has some 90 online accounts, for instance. Does your child have thoughts about who should manage and close down those social media accounts? Monitor emails? Who should get the Xbox or a bank account? It's also a great time in your young adult's life to instill responsibility by encouraging them to think about this early in life.
If you would like to protect your new college student (whether they are living in the dorms or staying home) and safeguard your own peace of mind, let's talk.